Frequently Asked Questions About Your Bones

Frequently Asked Questions About Your Bones | Capitol Physical Therapy Orthopedics And Pain Management Washington DC

Bones are the silent architects of your body’s structure.

They provide the framework for your body and its movements.

They’re also responsible for protecting your vital organs.

Despite their fundamental role in your physical wellbeing, their intricacies remain a source of curiosity.

From the basics of bone health to the world of skeletal biology, there’s a wealth of information waiting to be uncovered.

Today, we’re going to take a look at some frequently asked questions about your skeletal system.

Here at Capitol Physical Therapy, we’re a Washington DC physical therapy clinic, and we can help you get a better understanding of your bones.

So let’s get into it.

What Is A Bone?

Bones are dynamic and living tissue that provide your body with essential structural support, protection, and mobility.

Bones are primarily composed of collagen and hydroxyapatite crystals.

Your bones undergo a continuous process of remodeling, where old bone tissue is broken down and replaced by new bone tissue.

This allows your bones to adapt to your body’s changing needs.

Nestled within your bone’s core is your bone marrow.

Bone marrow produces blood cells that are vital for transporting oxygen and maintaining immune function.

From the intricate architecture of your spine to the largest bone in your body, your leg’s femur bone, each bone serves a specific purpose.

How Many Bones Do People Have?

As incredible as it may seem, the number of bones in your body does not stay the same throughout your life.

Babies are born with approximately 270 bones.

However, as you grow, some of these bones fuse together through a process called ossification.

By the time adulthood is reached, the number of bones in the body stabilizes at 206.

These bones are categorized into two main groups.

The axial skeleton, which includes your skull, vertebral column, and ribcage.

And the appendicular skeleton, which consists of your limbs and their girdles.

As you mature, you undergo a transformation in the composition of your skeletal structure.

This dynamic aspect of bone development shows the remarkable adaptability and complexity of your body.

The maturation process ensures that you end up with the 206 bones that contribute to your strength, flexibility, and overall functionality.

What Is A Bone Density Test?

A bone density test, also known as a dual energy x ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA) scan, is a diagnostic tool that actively measures the mineral content and density of your bones.

This noninvasive procedure primarily focuses on key areas prone to fractures, such as your hips and spinal health.

By emitting low dose x rays, the test analyzes the amount of calcium and other minerals that are in a specific bone segment.

This offers valuable insight into your bone strength and its susceptibility to fractures.

This active assessment plays a crucial role in the early detection of conditions like osteoporosis, which is characterized by decreased bone density and an increased risk of fractures.

Why Is Bone Density Important?

Bone density is important in maintaining overall skeletal health and preventing debilitating conditions, like osteoporosis.

The active role of bone density lies in its ability to gauge the strength and resilience of your bones.

Dense bones signify a higher concentration of minerals, particularly calcium, making them more robust and less prone to fractures.

Maintaining optimal bone density offers a lot of benefits for your body and overall health.

It’s crucial for providing structural support to your body, ensuring proper posture, and enabling fluid movement.

Your bones also act as a reservoir for essential minerals.

These minerals are released into your bloodstream when they are needed for various physiological functions.

Furthermore, adequate bone density plays a key role in reducing the risk of fractures, especially with age.

Subnormal bone density is known as osteopenia and can lead to other bone issues and complications.

Is Coffee Bad For Your Bones?

The relationship between coffee consumption and its potential impact on bone health has been a subject of active discussion.

It appears that moderate coffee intake is not bad for your bones.

Coffee contains various bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, that may have potential health benefits.

However, excessive caffeine intake, commonly found in large quantities of coffee, may interfere with calcium absorption.

The key lies in moderation.

Enjoying a cup or two of coffee per day is unlikely to negatively affect your bone health.

On the other hand, excessive consumption, coupled with inadequate calcium intake, could pose a risk.

Maintaining a balanced diet rich in calcium and other nutrients can help counterbalance any potential negative effects.

Are Soft Drinks Bad For Your Bones?

The impact of soft drinks on bone health has been a cause for concern.

These beverages, often high in phosphoric acid and caffeine, can interfere with calcium absorption and contribute to an imbalance in your body’s mineral composition.

Excessive consumption of soft drinks has been linked to lower bone mineral density.

This is particularly evident in children and teens whose bones are still developing.

The phosphoric acid in these drinks may leach calcium from your bones, affecting their strength and integrity over time.

Furthermore, opting for soft drinks rather than healthier beverages, such as milk or fortified alternatives, may deprive your body of essential nutrients crucial for bone health.

Enjoying an occasional soft drink may not be detrimental to your health.

However, making them a habitual part of your diet can potentially pose risks to your skeletal wellbeing.

It’s important to be mindful of your drink choices and prioritize those that actively contribute to the maintenance of strong and healthy bones.

What Is A Bone? | Capitol Physical Therapy Orthopedics And Pain Management Washington DC

Are Resistance Exercises Good For Your Bones?

Engaging in resistance exercises stands out as a proactive and effective strategy for promoting optimal bone health.

These exercises include weightlifting, resistance band workouts, and bodyweight exercises.

Engaging in these types of physical activity can actively stimulate bone remodeling and growth.

When you subject your bones to the stress of resistance training, your body responds by increasing bone density and strengthening your skeletal structure.

Weight bearing and resistance exercises may enhance bone mineral density, particularly in areas that are prone to fractures.

Resistance training can also trigger the release of growth promoting hormones, contributing to overall bone health.

RELATED: Wolff’s Law And How Your Bones Grow

Does Losing Weight Lead To Loss Of Bone Density?

The relationship between weight loss and bone health is still being speculated upon.

Rapid or extreme weight loss, often associated with crash diets or excessive calorie restriction, may lead to a reduction in bone density.

The main mechanism behind this lies in the decreased mechanical loading on your bones.

Your body perceives that there’s a reduction in its weight bearing stress and responds by decreasing bone mass.

However, it’s good to keep in mind that not all weight loss has the same impact on bone density.

Sustainable weight loss, achieved through a balanced diet and regular exercise, can actually support bone health.

Combining a nutritious diet and physical activity plays a key role in losing weight steadily and gradually.

What Illnesses Can Affect Your Bones?

Several illnesses can significantly impact the health and integrity of your bones.

Let’s take a closer look at some of them.


Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by reduced bone density and an increased risk of fractures.

It’s a prominent concern, especially among the aging population.

RELATED: Physical Therapy For Seniors Health Issues


Osteopetrosis presents issues that occur as bones become excessively dense.

This increases their susceptibility to fractures.

It also affects your bone marrow’s ability to combat infection and control bleeding.


For your bones and bone marrow to remain healthy, they require a constant supply of blood.

Osteonecrosis occurs when bone tissue, often in areas like your thighs or shoulders, doesn’t receive sufficient blood.

This can lead to tissue death and potential bone collapse.


Lupus affects your immune system, causing it to attack your body’s own tissue rather than protecting it.

This autoimmune disease can increase the risk of experiencing osteoporosis and bone fractures.

It can be further exacerbated by corticosteroid treatments.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Osteogenesis imperfecta is often referred to as “brittle bone disease.”

It’s a genetic disorder that can cause bones to easily fracture.

The condition can range in severity and lead to weak and misshapen bones.

Book Your Appointment With Capitol Physical Therapy Today

If you’ve recently sustained a bone injury or want to learn more about how to maintain your bone health, we can help.

At Capitol Physical therapy, we’ll answer your questions and provide solutions for any bone related issues you may have.

We offer personalized insights, guidance, and therapeutic treatments and solutions.

Book your appointment with Capitol Physical Therapy today.

Capitol Physical Therapy
1331 H St NW #200,
Washington, DC 20005


9560 Pennsylvania Ave. # 202,
Upper Marlboro, MD 20772


Capitol Physical Therapy offers orthopedic and other pain related solutions, with our versitile team of physical therapists in Washington, DC